Newspaper Research Journal
Welcome to Newspaper Research Journal
Thursday, April 28 2016 @ 11:02 PM CDT

Welcome to NRJ Online

Newspaper Research Journal is a refereed journal published quarterly that reaches more than 1,000 journalism students, scholars and media professionals in the United States and 20 countries.

NRJ comprehensively answers questions about U.S. newspaper performance and related topics of interest. Significant themes of research range from balance and fairness to the use of computer analysis in newspaper reporting. NRJ is unique because it provides a forum for comprehensive, current research and discussion on print and online journalism, serving as a bridge between newspaper professionals and scholars.

The journal is published by the Newspaper Division of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC). If you have any questions, feel free to send us an e-mail at

This journal adheres to the publications and malpractice ethics as outlined by COPE.

NOTICE: NRJ publishing and subscription operations are now being managed by SAGE Publishing. For further information or to subscribe, please visit the SAGE website at

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Headlines for Vol. 36, No. 4 - Fall 2015

    Here are the headlines for Fall 2015:

  • "Increasing News Content and Diversity Improves Revenue," by You Li and Esther Thorson

  • "Why News Reporters Ignore Third-party Candidates," by John F. Kirch

  • "Do News Corrections Affect Credibility? Not Necessarily," by Alyssa Appelman and Kirstie Hettinga

  • "Female Employees Find Iowa Newspaper Jobs Satisfying," by Tracy Lucht

  • "Coverage Reflects Importance of Fishing to Community," by Suzannah Evans and Daniel Riffe

  • "Need for Orientation Predicts Reporters' Reliance on Blogs," by Kyle Heim

  • "Men More Likely to Post Online Newspaper Comments," by Hans K. Meyer and Michael Clay Carey

  • "Endorsements Move Students to Choose Candidate," by Ran Wei, Ven-hwei Lo and Chingching Chang

  • Book Review by Joseph Hayden: Gene Basset's Vietnam Sketchbook: A Cartoonist's Wartime Perspective
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Headlines for Vol. 36, No. 3 - Summer 2015

    Here are the headlines for Summer 2015:

  • "Newspaper Archives Reveal Major Gaps in Digital Age," by Kathleen A. Hansen and Nora Paul

  • "Preserving News Apps Present Huge Challenges," by Meredith Broussard

  • "Ethnic Newspaper Producers Face Archiving Challenges," by Kristin L. Gustafson

  • "Two States Provide Models for Newspaper Preservation," by Ana Krahmer, Mark Phillips and Ron Larson

  • "Plans to Save Born-Digital News Content Examined," by Edward McCain

  • "Survey Finds Differences on Preserving Born-Digital News," by Jennifer E. Moore and Jennifer L. Bonnet

  • "Retaining Hardcopy Papers Still Important in Digital Age," by Randy Silverman

  • "News Engagement Day Should Be Priority," by Paula Poindexter
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Headlines for Vol. 36, No. 2 - Spring 2015

    Here are the headlines for Spring 2015:

  • "How Current Law Might Apply to Drone Journalism," by Karen McIntyre

  • "Editors Use Social Media Mostly to Post Story Links," by Sue Burzynski Bullard

  • "Younger Journalists More Likely to Use Social Media," by Tamara L. Gillis and Kirsten Johnson

  • "Tweets during Crisis Follow One-Way Communication," by Rebecca Coates Nee and Judith Fusco

  • "Longer, Higher Quality Videos Preferred by News Viewers," by Peter S. Chen, Nicholas Wilson, Gina Masullo Chen and Chen-Wei Chang

  • "Traditional Reporting More Credible than Citizen News," by Alecia Swazy, Edson Tandoc, Manu Bhandari and Rachel Davis

  • "College Students Use Videos More than Photo Slideshows," by Jin Yang, Rachelle Pavelko and Sandra H. Utt

  • "Candidates with Easy Access Get More Favorable Coverage," by David Niven and Daniel Sandu

  • "Korean Media Often Allied with Ruling Political Parties," by Chang Sup Park

  • Book Review by Matthew J. Haught: Greatly Exaggerated: The Myth of the Death of Newspapers
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Headlines for Vol. 36, No. 1 - Winter 2015

    Here are the headlines for Winter 2015:

  • "Student Newspapers Show Opinion Article Political Bias," by Hans C. Schmidt

  • "Non-Elite Twitter Sources Rarely Cited in Coverage," by Kevin Wallsten

  • "U.S. Newspapers Provide Nuanced Picture of Islam," by Brian J. Bowe, Shahira Fahmy and Jorg Matthes

  • "Times-Picayune Coverage Differs Print to Online," by David Bockino

  • "Conflict/Proximity Determine Advocacy Group Coverage," by Michael McCluskey and Young Mie Kim

  • "Incivility Dominates Online Comments on Immigration," by Arthur D. Santana

  • "Text Remains Most Useful Format for Online News Sites," by Bartosz W. Wojdynski

  • "Feature Reporting Improves After Mid-Career Training," by Randal A. Beam, Meg Spratt and Sue Lockett John

  • "Non-Scientist Sources Lend Balance, but Create Bias," by Susan Opt and Russanne Low

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Headlines for Vol. 35, No. 4 - Fall 2014

    Here are the headlines for Fall 2014:

  • Commentary: "Short-run Decisions Threaten Papers' Long-run Viability," by Stephen Lacy, Michael Stamm and Hugh Martin

  • "Ethnic, Mainstream Papers Differ on Health Reporting," by Erin Willis, Chang Dae Ham and Shelly Rodgers

  • "Journal's Sports Innovations Evolve Slowly Over Time," by John Carvalho

  • "Ethnic and Age Differences Reduce Political Discussion," by Leo W. Jeffres, Jae-won Lee, Guowei Jian, Sukki Yoon and David J. Atkin

  • "Newspapers' Annual Reports Show Chains Profitable," by Marc Edge

  • "Reporters' Smartphone Use Improves Quality of Work," by Logan Molyneux

  • "Reducing Publication Decreases U.S. College Newspaper Revenue," by J. Ian Tennant and H. Iris Chyi

  • "U.S. Newspapers Cite Social Media More Than Does Egyptian Press," by Margaret A. Fesenamier, Luay Kaloumeh, Yuxi Zhuang and James D. Ivory

  • "Youngest Adults Less Likely To Consume News Online," by Kelly Kaufhold

  • "Coverage of Japan's Tsunami Included Few Social Media Sources," by Maria Fontenot, Catherine A. Luther and Ioana Coman

  • Book Review by Marc Edge: Beyond News: The Future of Journalism

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Headlines for Vol. 35, No. 3 - Summer 2014

    Here are the headlines for Summer 2014:

  • "Mainstream Newspapers Highlight Politics Over Substance," by Masudul Biswas

  • "Uses, Dependency Model Remains Useful Framework," by Kenneth Fleming

  • "Afghanistan War Coverage More Negative Over Time," by Michel M. Haigh

  • "Chinese, U.S. Newspapers Differ in Use of News Frames," by Chun Zhou and Teresa Mastin

  • "Two National Newspapers Cover Recession Distinctively," by Josephine Lukito and Atsushi Tajima

  • "Community Editors Look Beyond Watchdog Role," by Leo W. Jeffres and Anup Kumar

  • "NY Times' Blog Purchase Leads to Significant Changes," by Jeremy Saks

  • "Print News Uses More Source Diversity Than Does Broadcast," by Richard Watts and Jonathan Maddison

  • Book Review by Pam Fine: Saving Community Journalism: The Path to Profitability

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Headlines for Vol. 35, No. 2 - Spring 2014

    Here are the headlines for Spring 2014:

  • "Analysis Finds U.S. Newspapers Use Six Frames for 'Made in China,'" by Gang (Kevin) Han and Xiuli (Charlene) Wang

  • "Independent Websites Not So Different from Group-Owned," by Linda Jean Kenix

  • "Medical Reporters Say 'No' to 'Pack' Journalism," by Vincent Kiernan

  • "East Africans Find Radio More Credible Than Newspapers," by Yusuf Kalyango, Jr.

  • "Newspaper Tobacco Advertising Focuses on Cessation," by Erin Willis, Erin Schauster, Shelly Rodgers and Kevin Everett

  • "Larger U.S. Newspapers Update Their Websites More Often," by Jin Xu

  • "Newspapers, TV News Offer More Online Innovation," by Amy Schmitz Weiss and Tim Wulfemeyer

  • "Facebook Interactivity Rare on Community News Sites," by Michael Clay Carey

  • "Exemplars Can Affect Readers' Judgement about News Story," by William Kinnally, Ryan P. Burkett, Curry Chandler and Brenton Burkett

  • Book Review by Marc Edge: The Watchdog That Didn't Bark: The Financial Crisis and the Disappearance of Investigative Journalism

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Headlines for Vol. 35, No. 1 - Winter 2014

    Here are the headlines for Winter 2014:

  • "Anti-SLAPP Statutes Offer Tool for Media Defendants," by Matthew D. Bunker, Paul H. Gates, Jr. and William C. Nevin

  • "Few Latin American Items Appear on Editorial Pages," by Guy J. Golan and Greg Munno

  • "Group Ownership Increases among Weekly Newspapers," by David C. Coulson, Stephen Lacy and Daniel Riffe

  • "Corrections of Newspaper Errors Have Little Impact," by Kirstie E. Hettinga and Alyssa Appelman

  • "Newspapers Frame Julian Assange Differently," by Catherine A. Luther and Ivanka Radovic

  • "Research Findings Weaken Perceptions of Media Bias," by Yariv Tsfati and Hannah Huino

  • "Incorrect Terms Used to Portray Possible Cell Phone Risk," by Ronald A. Yaros, Elia Powers and Soo-Kwang Oh

  • "Attribution Has Little Effect on Perceived Credibility," by Jessica A. Mahone

  • Book review by Marc Edge: Hell and High Water: The Battle to Save the Daily New Orleans Times-Picayune

  • Book review by Joe Hayden: Informing the News: The Need for Knowledge-Based Journalism
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Headlines for Vol. 34, No. 4 - Fall 2013

    Here are the headlines for Fall 2013:

  • "Storytelling Techniques Improve Reading Experiences," by Amy Zerba

  • "Newspapers Provide Context in Elizabeth Smart Abduction," by Cathy Ferrand Bullock, Margaret Spratt and Sue Lockett John

  • "News Coverage Different for Third-Party Candidates," by John F. Kirch

  • "Readers' View of Credibility Similar for Online, Print," by Gregg A. Payne and David M. Dozier

  • "Web-centric Convergence Replaces Media Partnerships," by Camille Kraeplin and Jake Batsell

  • "Presidential Campaign Ads Rely on Newspaper Evidence," by Chris Roberts

  • "Social Media Features Attract College Students to News Websites," by T. Makana Chock, John M. Wolf, Gina Masullo Chen, Valarie N. Schweisberger and Yi Wang

  • "Combining Online, Print Increases Ad Effectiveness," by Ginger Rosenkrans and Keli Myers

  • Book review by Marc Edge: Out of Print: Newspapers, Journalism and the Business of News in the Digital Age
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Headlines for Vol. 34, No. 3 - Summer 2013

    Here are the headlines for Summer 2013:

  • "Depleted Resources Causing Burnout for Layoff Survivors," by Scott Reinardy

  • "Pacific Appeal Campaigns For Black Man's Role in Civil War," by Thomas C. Terry

  • "Black Cyclist Framed Differently At 1910 Salt Lake City Competition," by Kimberley Mangun

  • "Greater Newspaper Use Increases Agreement on Public Issues," by Ying Roselyn Du and Joann Wong

  • "Newspapers Form Partnerships With More Than Television Stations," by Larry Dailey and Mary Spillman

  • "Circulation, Population Factor into Social Media Use," by Jack Rosenberry

  • "'Editors Have Mixed Feelings On User-Generated Content," by Lori F. Brost

  • Book review by Joseph Hayden: Advertising at War: Business, Consumers, and Government in the 1940s